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Atopic dermatitis is a disease that affects the skin. They are actually reddish lesions that appear on the skin of the baby or child and that always itch and last over time. They appear after the second month of life.
The pediatrician Mª Teresa Guerra It explains how to recognize the symptoms of atopic dermatitis and what its possible causes may be.
Atopic dermatitis tells us that there is a certain predisposition for the child to be allergic and if it is not, perhaps it is simply sensitized and elevated levels of the immunoglobulin responsible for the dermatitis are detected in its skin. The pediatrician Mª Teresa Guerra answers all our questions:
1. What are the symptoms of atopic dermatitis in babies?
In the baby, the most typical lesions appear on the cheeks (respecting the folds of the nose and mouth) and on the extensor surfaces of the limbs (arms and legs).
2. Do you always have an allergic component?
Yes. They are usually predisposed children. As atopic dermatitis progresses, they usually develop a type of allergy (food, asthmatic ...). In the case of asthma, for example, in many babies there have been many cases of bronchitis since they are infants, generated not only by viruses or colds, but also by an allergen (mites, pollen, grasses ...).
3. Can atopic dermatitis be prevented?
The first thing to diagnose is the allergen triggering factor for the disease. Once the allergy focus is located, it can be treated. For example, in the case of allergy to the mite, with thorough hygiene at home ... in the case of some food, removing it from the diet .... In addition, there are vaccines for certain allergies and they are very effective. The only thing is that the child must be correctly diagnosed (not take action on our own).
4. Does temperature influence atopic dermatitis?
Heat or extreme cold situations do affect. When we sweat, the skin evaporates water and is altered, and by altering the barrier it is more possible for the allergen to come into contact and cause the outbreak of atopic dermatitis. The basic treatment of atopic dermatitis is to ensure that moisture is not lost from the skin. Then it will be necessary to hydrate by obstructing, with substances that 'seal' the skin so that the moisture does not evaporate.
In the case of the sun: in summer, if children with atopic dermatitis usually improve. The sun is good in small doses as long as they are well hydrated. However, saltpeter from the sea or chlorine from swimming pool water is not good.
5. How should the bathroom be in children with atopic dermatitis?
We should bathe the child only 2 or 3 times a week. Keep the baths short and have a mild temperature, between 25 and 30 degrees. Gels that are pH neutral should be used. Washing the head, we can dilute shampoo with water, to make it more gentle. Drying should not be by friction, but only by pressing. And after bathing, hydration with emollient creams (other than lotions) is very important. Also important is the material of the clothes that we put on the child. The best, cotton.
In the case of seborrheic dermatitis, yes, lotions are prescribed, since it is more difficult to apply creamier creams in that area.
6. Can atopic dermatitis change with age?
As children grow, dermatitis evolves and changes areas. With 9 years, for example, it appears localized at the elbows and knees. Sometimes the eyelids are also affected, and children appear to have conjunctivitis, when in fact they are like flakes because of dry eyelids (blepharitis).
7. Is cow protein bad for atopic dermatitis?
Lactose is a sugar found in milk. What is related to atopic dermatitis is the protein from cow's milk.
You can read more articles similar to 7 questions about atopic dermatitis in babies and children, in the Skin Care category on site.