The risks of molar pregnancy, its symptoms and its treatment

The risks of molar pregnancy, its symptoms and its treatment

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Molar pregnancy is an error that occurs in fertilization, when the egg and sperm unite. This alteration can have different names, from Mola gestational trophoblastic disease or hydatidiform mole. It is an abnormality in the placenta and is estimated to affect 1 in 1000 women.

On our site we tell you what are the types of molar pregnancy, what are the symptoms and the most common treatment for this type of anomaly.

When a woman suffers a molar pregnancy we will rarely find an embryo. In its place there will be an abnormal growth of tissue that usually clusters in the shape of a grape cluster and increases in size much faster than a normal pregnancy would. There are two types: the complete and partial molar.

1. Complete molar pregnancy
In the first, we find tissue of placental origin with no trace of embryo. In this case, the growing placenta produces the pregnancy hormone bHcG, so in the pregnancy tests they would give positive, without being viable since there is no baby.

2. Partial molar pregnancy
When it comes to partial molar pregnancy we find placental and embryonic tissue, however the baby will not be able to develop normally as the placental tissue grows uncontrollably.

These are some of the most common symptoms when a molar pregnancy occurs.

- Vaginal spotting or bleeding it is sometimes the woman's body that rejects the malformation that is housed in the uterus.

- Nausea and vomiting, as in any pregnancy, since hormonally the body 'believes' that the woman is pregnant.

- Pelvic pressure or pain.

- The development of thyroid disease, generally hyperthyroidism.

- Early preeclampsia (high blood pressure).

- Increased levels of hCG (the hormone used by tests to detect whether there is pregnancy) are often higher than what would correspond according to the date of the last period.

Many times This type of pregnancy ends in a miscarriage. However, if it did not occur once the molar pregnancy was diagnosed by ultrasound and laboratory tests, the doctor would prescribe a drug treatment to expel it or a curettage (surgical intervention).

It is extremely important that there is no remainder, as these could pose a risk that leads to cancer. Hence, ultrasound and analytical controls are carried out every little time until it is certain that the woman does not really have any mole cells.

Otherwise, this would be the most serious complication of molar pregnancy; is named persistent gestational trophoblastic neoplasia and it can lead to significant bleeding, which in the most severe cases would end with a hysterectomy (surgery to remove the uterus) to control bleeding. However, it usually responds well to chemotherapy treatment.

Gynecologists usually recommend not looking for a new pregnancy until 6-12 months later and using a contraceptive method to protect the woman.

You can read more articles similar to The risks of molar pregnancy, its symptoms and its treatment, in the category of Diseases - annoyances on site.

Video: What happens if I am diagnosed with a molar pregnancy (January 2023).