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Teach the child to study only with the fish and rod technique

Teach the child to study only with the fish and rod technique


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"Give a man a fish and he will eat today, give him a pole and teach him to fish and he will eat for the rest of his life." We can apply this Chinese proverb to our children when helping them with their studies.

If we sit down with our children to study the subject with them, they will never learn to prepare for an exam by themselves, we will be giving them the fish. The alternative is to teach them simple study techniques, which will be the rod with which they can fish. It is about teaching the child to study alone effectively.

1. Take some good notes

Taking notes is the first thing you have to do well. It emphasizes the importance of their handwriting being legible so that later they can understand what they have written. Provide them with multi-colored fluorescent markers to underline highlighted information. They can mark the dates in the same color, the protagonists of the information in another, the places in another ... Good notes are a good start to have control of all the content.

2. Get documented

In addition to the teacher's explanations and notes, from books or the tablet, they can expand the information through the documentation. But teach them to select sources well. They should know that not everything they see on the internet is verified, since anyone can publish any wrong information.

Also explain to them that some links are sponsored on Google, meaning that companies have paid to appear in those prominent positions. Help them distinguish advertising from content.

Teach them tricks for their searches such as searching by file type (images, videos, books, audios) or to use characters such as quotation marks or plus and minus symbols to narrow the results.

3. The use of dictionaries

The use of dictionaries is essential when studying and answering questions. Refer them to the RAE dictionary or the Pan-Hispanic of doubts. Dictionaries are a must when you don't understand a term on the topic you are addressing. If they are writing and do not want to repeat the same words they can go to the synonyms, while they learn new words.

4. The library

Invite them to go to the nearest library to study in a quiet environment where they can make the most of their time. In addition, they can use the book loan service.

5. Beware of time thieves

When it comes time to study, they must avoid any external distractions. It is better that they leave the mobile out of their reach and thus avoid answering messages or consulting social networks. The television and game console must also be turned off.

6. Pre-reading

When they are going to face the study of a subject tell them to do it with a positive attitude. They should encourage themselves and think that learning is good and that they will prepare well for it.

The first thing they have to do is a pre-reading, a quick reading that will make them familiar with the subject. It is a first phase of exploration in which they will detect the words they do not understand and will translate the lesson internally into colloquial language.

7. Comprehensive reading

It is time to concentrate and analyze what you read. Now they can underline, mark titles and subtitles, and write notes in the margin.

8. Have them read it aloud

After the comprehensive reading, have them tell the topic aloud to themselves. This will put their memory to the test and realize what they do not remember well so that later they can emphasize it.

9. Make a good outline

After reading it and saying it out loud, they can make an outline. To do this, they must extract the titles and the most important concepts and group them with keys in the form of a tree. This way they will have at a glance all the information organized to be able to review it and develop it from the diagram.

10. Study sheets

They can make some cards that include a mini summary with the structure and short explanatory paragraphs. In this way they will strengthen their photographic memory and also these cards can be carried over to go reviewing anywhere.

11. Mnemonic rules

Teach them some techniques that will be of great help to memorize lists of dates, events or elements of any subject ...

12. The chain

It is the associative memory technique that consists of concatenating words. The best way to do this is to link them with images and if they are absurd and funny they will remember the list better.

13. The cartoon

Tell them that they can build a story with the elements they need to remember with a story line. This way they will remember the next word quickly.

14. The places

Another mnemonic they can use is to associate each word with a place on a journey that is familiar to them, for example, the journey from home to school.

15. The acrostics

The use of acrostics is a good formula for memorizing lists. It consists of using the first letter or the first syllable of each word to form a sentence or a different word that will bring to mind the rest of the word.

16. Rhyme

They can also use creativity to play with words and make rhymes to help them remember the contents.

- Do not leave the study for the last minute.

- That they always study in the same place, that it is a well-lit desk and that they do not study in bed or lying on the sofa.

- Let them think before writing and order their ideas.

- That they put themselves to the test and take their own exam before the exam to see if they control the matter.

- That in the exam they control the time, they cannot dedicate 25 minutes to one question and 2 minutes to another.

- Take care of your handwriting during the exam.

- Let them know that they should be calm, eat healthy and sleep well the days before the exams.

All these techniques and tips will help you to have study methods that you can use throughout your academic life. Remember: Give them the rod and not the fish!

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