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Eye problems in children related to swimming pools and their solution

Eye problems in children related to swimming pools and their solution


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The eye is one of the most delicate parts of the body. Although it is flanked laterally by a bone barrier, its most vulnerable point is the anterior or frontal part, covered only by the eyelids.

This vulnerability makes him especially prone to the development of injuries of various kinds. Next we will expose some of the eye problems in children related to swimming pools and their solution, as well as the behavior to follow.

1. Chemical conjunctivitis. If your child practices a dive and scuba, he should wear water glasses adapted to his size. With this, you will avoid through a barrier method the irritating effect that could be caused by direct contact with the aquatic environment. This clinical picture is very easy to identify: it presents with redness of the white area of ​​the eye, as well as a certain itching. Sometimes there is photophobia (light bothers them).

2. Infectious conjunctivitis. There is a viral agent, called adenovirus, with a high rate of contagion. It spreads very easily in swimming pools. For this reason, if your child has been diagnosed with one of these conjunctivitis, he should avoid the pool until the condition has completely resolved. The symptoms it produces is more expressive than that of chemical conjunctivitis: there is more redness of the eye, pain and photophobia. The picture is also more persistent.

3. Conjunctivitis solar keratitis. The mirror effect of the swimming pool, by reflecting the sunlight, could lead to the appearance of corneal lesions in predisposed patients or those with some underlying ocular pathology. From a clinical point of view, it causes redness of the eye, pain and a feeling of having sand inside the eye. Treatment will include an epithelializing ointment, and ocular occlusion.

4. Solar blepharitis. People with a light skin phototype are especially prone to developing sunburns on the eyelids. Parents should not forget to apply protective cream in that area.

5. Periocular contusion. Diving "head first", in dives made from a considerable height, can lead to the appearance of an ocular or periocular contusion. This is expressed in the form of conjunctival pain and hemorrhage. It must be managed with oral analgesics. If the pain persists, it should be evaluated by a doctor urgently.

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