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By the term harassment we understand the act of annoying, harassing or persecuting another person. It is when a person is generating some discomfort or discomfort in the other. In general, the person who harasses presents a certain superiority or more power, either due to their greater physical condition, mental superiority, higher job position ...
This act is also known by the term bullying. A term that has gained popularity over the last few years, but this phenomenon has always existed. And it is a fact that can occur in different contexts. On our siteWe explain the types of harassment or bullying that can occur within the educational center.
It is important that the student is clear that there is an abuser acting on the victim, causing intimidation. The harasser enjoys feeling superior to the harassed and rejoices in his suffering.
The types of bullying, according to the National Center Against Bullying (NCAB, for its acronym in English):
- Verbal bullying: is when the harasser expresses or expresses cruel words, threats, intimidation, insults, jokes and exclusive phrases about the appearance, sexual condition, ethnicity, race or disability, for example, of the victim. For example: "Antonio, you are a fat glasses"
- Physical bullying: characterized by intimidating or aggressive behavior on the part of the harasser; including smacking, hitting, kicking, pinching, shoving, tripping ... It is the best known type of bullying. For example: when a child in particular is repeatedly tripped after leaving a class.
- Social or relational bullying: It is when the victim is consciously excluded from others, that is, the student is excluded by some classmates from homework or school games. For example: when a person is ignored, to the point of making it invisible, achieving their isolation.
- Cyberbullying- This is the latest type of bullying due to the rise of social media. It is harassment or intimidation produced through social networks, text messages and emails. The harasser spreads threats, lies, inappropriate or sexist comments ... For example: when someone posts a photo of another person in an inappropriate or compromising situation.
- Sexual bullying: According to studies, 1 out of every five children suffers or has suffered sexual abuse, even if it is hard to believe. It occurs when the victim is forced to do acts that he does not want, receives obscene comments or is touched in intimate areas. For example: Lucas touches Laura's ass and she doesn't like it.
It is important that we, teachers, maintain a constant observation of the behaviors of all students. Anyone can be a victim and anyone can be a stalker. Fostering values such as respect and assertiveness, among others, can help prevent bullying.
On the other hand, the fact that the student feels that in the educational center they have trustworthy people, to whom they can tell their concerns, will allow them to share these facts, if they occur.
You can read more articles similar to How to teach your students the different types of bullying, in the Bullying category on site.