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The visual agendas are a great way for the child with autism can plan your day to day, and even some more conflictive moments such as improvisations, vacations or any moment in the that routines are broken.
These agendas are used especially for children who do not use verbal language, or simply to support what we have said orally. Children with autism tend to respond more positively to elaborate language images than with words, hence the importance of visual agendas in their education.
We give you some tips to make your own visual diary for children with autism at home.
When creating our own visual agenda we have to follow a series of tips that will help us make the agenda more effective.
The pictograms used as anticipation are more effective if they meet the following premises:
- That the drawings are schematic, simple and adjusted to reality and representative of it.
- Describe the greatest number of details as possible.
- Write below-above the pictogram what is represented. This offers the possibility that they begin to decipher the written words or at least that a certain label is associated with an activity.
The use of agendas, or other anticipation systems, helps children with autism to make sense of the experience and action. Anticipatory, predictable and structured environments allow autism to improve by causing a series of changes in cognitive aspects, linguistic and general.
The planning It is not only necessary in the educational context; Evenings, weekends and holidays are much more disconcerting and unpredictable for children with autism, as they tend to be less structured, fewer routines are followed, and interaction with unusual people is possible. For this reason, in these areas it is more necessary to use anticipation systems. Parents, siblings, or anyone who will direct the child's actions, can plan the day, using the agenda system.
Through the pictograms a group of children with autism can know in advance what is going to happen to them, but it can also be used as a planning system. When children get used to using this instrument and are offered the option of choosing between two possible activities, in some way, they are being given a first opportunity to decision making, planning.
The motivational aspect It can be very important especially in skills such as planning, which are one of the most important deficits and require a great effort for children with autism. The organization of the material in this modality and in this way facilitates the decoding of the information, adapting it to the peculiar cognitive system of autism.
You can read more articles similar to How to Create a Visual Agenda for Children with Autism at Home, in the On-site Learning category.