What leads a child to sexually abuse another

When we talk about school violence or violence between minors, we usually refer to cases of physical or psychological violence of some children over others, but lately we have heard of cases of sexual abuse between minors, and many of us may wonder. What leads a child or adolescent to sexually abuse another child?

Although each case must be studied and treated in depth and in its context, when there is the case of minors who sexually abuse others, we may be talking about minors who have a Conduct Disorder.

The underlying causes of this type of disorder cannot be firmly established for all cases, each specific case must be analyzed since in them social or environmental, biological, family, economic, emotional or socio-affective factors are involved. These factors can serve as catalysts for developing conduct disorder.

Conduct disorder is included within the Disruptive Disorders of impulse control and behavior, according to the DSM-V, (diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders) and presents:

A. A repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of others, social norms or rules of age are not respected, which is manifested by the presence in the last twelve months of at least three of the fifteen proposed criteria, grouped into the following categories, with at least one in the last six months:

Assault on people and animals (criteria 1-7 including sexual assault), destruction of property (criteria 8 and 9), deception or theft (criteria 10-12) and serious breach of rules (criteria 13-15 ).

B. The behavior disorder causes clinically significant discomfort in the social, academic or work areas.

C. If the individual's age is 18 years or older, the criteria for antisocial personality disorder are not met, (that is, we are talking about other types of disorders)

This disorder can begin in childhood, (before the age of 10) or in adolescence, although there will be cases in which there is not enough information to establish the moment of appearance.

It can also occur with limited prosocial emotions, lack of remorse or guilt, insensitivity, lack of empathy, lack of concern for performance, or superficial or poor affection.

It is the psychology and mental health professionals who must determine the diagnosis of a behavior disorder, and it is they who must guide the treatment.

Not all children with behavior problems necessarily have a Conduct Disorder, that is, Not every child who yells, hits, defies, or challenges us has a serious behavior problem. But it is important to know that the sooner we detect any type of sign that makes us think that a child may have a problem of this type, we go to the appropriate professionals.

Behavioral problems overwhelm parents and educators who in most cases do not know how to handle and deal with these situations, therefore, it is necessary that if parents notice symptoms of behavior disorder in their young children or adolescents go to a professional to evaluate and treat as soon as possible, and thus prevent problems in the future.

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